When extreme heat is in the forecast, please remember the following tips:
If you do not have air conditioning, consider places you can go to beat the heat including the library, local mall and movie theater.
– Don’t forget your pets! Ensure they have enough water and a cool space as well.
During extreme heat:
– Drink plenty of water.
– Never leave anyone including children and pets in enclosed vehicles.
– Check on the young, elderly and people with medical issues as they are more likely to be impacted by the heat.
– Wear light-colored and loose-fitting clothing.
– Avoid strenuous work during the warmest part of the day. Use a buddy system when working in extreme heat and take frequent breaks.
Recognizing heat-related emergencies:
– Heat cramps – Muscular pains and spasms due to heavy exertion. Although heat cramps are the least severe, they are often the first signal that the body is having trouble with the heat.
– Heat exhaustion – Typically occurs when people exercise heavily or work in a hot, humid place where body fluids are lost through heavy sweating. Blood flow to the skin increases, causing blood flow to decrease to the vital organs. This results in a form of mild shock. If not treated, the victim’s condition will worsen. The body temperature will keep rising and the victim may suffer heat stroke.
– Heat stroke – A life-threatening condition. The victim’s temperature control system, which produces sweating to cool the body, stops working. The body temperature can rise so high that brain damage and death may result if the body is not cooled quickly.